Hyperpigmentation occurs when the skin produces more melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color. This can make spots or patches of skin appear darker than surrounding areas.
Some forms of hyperpigmentation, including melasma and sun spots, are more likely to affect areas of skin that face sun exposure, including the face, arms, and legs.
Causes of Hyperpigmentation
The most common causes are:
- Sun exposure
The body produces more melanin to protect the skin from prolonged exposure to the sun. This can cause dark spots or patches on the skin called age spots or sun spots.
- Skin inflammation
Areas of skin can darken after people have had inflammation of the skin. This can include acne, eczema, lupus, or an injury to the skin. People with darker skin are more likely to develop post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Melasma usually covers a larger area of skin than other types of hyperpigmentation, and it usually appears on the face. Melasma is more common in people with darker skin and may run in the family. It is also common during pregnancy.
Treatment of Hyperpigmentation
- Avoid exposure to the sun. Use a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher to protect the skin and stop hyperpigmentation from becoming darker.
- Avoid picking at the skin. To prevent hyperpigmentation from forming after an injury, avoid picking at spots, scabs, and acne.
- Topical creams: Vitamin C Many people use topical treatments to treat hyperpigmentation such as Vitamin C.
- Laser skin rejuvenation therapy
- Chemical peels as included in the Hydrafacial treatment
You can treat hyperpigmentation with the help of our skin specialist who will prescribe a good combination of the laser skin rejuvenation treatment as well as a great vitamin C serum.